WHAT ARE THE ROYAL FAMILY’S REQUIREMENTS FOR THE THRONE?
The queen gets her right to rule from the house in Hanover – whose head became King George I in 1714.
In 1688, James II, the last Catholic king in British history, was deposed in favor of his Protestant daughter Mary and her husband William. They had no children, so the throne then went to her sister Anne (of The Favorite fame), who also died childless.
There was concern that the throne would pass to James’ son, also known as James, whose birth to a Catholic mother had prompted the removal in the first place. Therefore, Parliament passed the law of succession in 1701, which forbade any Roman Catholic – or anyone married to a Catholic – from ever taking the throne.
This meant that when Anne died in 1714, Parliament offered the throne to her second cousin – the Prince of Hanover in Germany – over many of her closer relatives.
His descendants would retain the Hanover name and throne until 1840, when Queen Victoria married Prince Albert and all their children became known by their father’s surname, Saxe-Coburg Gotha.
During World War I, with anti-German sentiment running high, King George V (the Queen’s grandfather) thought it wise to change it to the much more British-sounding Windsor — after their favorite castle.
It shows that although royalties may require them to be elected by God – sometimes they are elected by Parliament.