Are you upset about your low back pain for a long time? Are these back pains bothering you and disrupting your daily activities?
Then you are in the right place, because in this article we will guide you on the causes of low back pain and treatment to reduce them considerably or treat them completely.
Whenever the back pain occurs, it causes a lot of discomfort and disruption in everyday activities. But you do not have to worry, because by following certain back pains and maintaining a proper posture, this problem can be avoided.
Low back pain
Low back pain (LBP) or lumbago is a common problem involving the musculoskeletal system of the back.
This lumbago can range from mild to severe pain and can be divided by duration such as.
- Acute (pain less than 6 weeks)
- Subchronic (pain lasts from 6 to 12 weeks)
- Chronic (pain lasting more than 12 weeks)
Causes of low back pain:
- Low back pain muscle strain: Loin strain is one of the leading causes of back pain. Muscle spasms in the lower back are often observed because it supports the weight of the upper body and is involved in various body movements. Tensioning occurs mainly when muscle fibers are abnormally pulled or torn.
- Bad attitude: Poor posture can misalign the musculoskeletal system, such as leaning too far forward or leaning too far back can cause back pain. Poor posture results in muscle weakness, joint compression and abnormal stress on the vertebrae.
- Age: People over 30 are more susceptible to low back pain. Disks become weak and wear out with age. Normal aging leads to decreased bone density, bone strength and elasticity of muscles and ligaments in the body. However, these effects can be reduced by physical exercises, proper lifting and moving techniques, proper nutrition and body composition and no smoking habits.
- Spondylolysis: It is a health problem where there is a problem in a part of the spine called the pars interarticularis. It is a fracture of the vertebrae where bone density decreases and bone spores can grow. This condition is called lumbar spondylosis and causes low back pain. Lumbar spondylosis is associated with disc degeneration and osteophytosis and is more common among middle-aged, elderly and young athletes.
- Disease: People with a family history of osteoarthritis, malignant disease (Multiple myeloma), metastatic disease and other diseases have a higher risk of low back pain.
Treatment of low back pain:
- Lifestyle changes
- Physical therapy
- Osteopathic manipulation
- Weight loss (if overweight)
- Stop smoking
- A prevention program (recommended by your doctor)
- Aids for back support
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
- Chiropractic care
Prevention of low back pain:
- Use proper lifting techniques.
- Maintain proper posture
- Exercise regularly
- No smoking
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Reduce muscle tension